In this piece Julian Schweitzer, senior fellow at Results for Develpment Institute, describes the steps taken to ensure accountability in the 2015 Global Strategy and why it is important to success. His four key messages are: (1) We need a strong, inclusive, transparent, rights based and independent accountability process, based on experience implementing health aspects of human rights treaties, the MDGs, the 2010 strategy, and other health initiatives; (2) All the stakeholders in women’s, children’s, and adolescents’ health must be engaged to achieve the convergence goals of the 2015 strategy; (3) Key processes and institutions at the country, regional, and global level need to be strengthened and supported; (4) The 2015 strategy will create a unified global accountability mechanism with links to key intergovernmental mechanisms to ensure appropriate actions.